Competitiveness analysis of agricultural complexes of Ukraine and Poland

Keywords: agricultural product, agricultural market, Ukraine, Poland, agricultural enterprise


In modern economic conditions, the success of national economy depends on the consistent management actions of its leaders and on the effective development of its separate enterprise subjects. Each country chooses its own economic sphere in which it can achieve the highest results. Such area for Ukraine is the market for agricultural products. Not the first year Ukraine is one of the world leading exporters of wheat, barley, corn, oats, rye, and oilseeds. Fertile lands and temperate climate give to the agrarian enterprises strong competitive advantages. Therefore, it is so important to help to realize the potential of the Ukrainian agrarian enterprises.

Poland has similar features of the territory and climate. Poland made huge races in economy development since association and EU membership. Therefore, comparison with the Polish agrarian complex is relevant for the analysis of competitiveness of the Ukrainian agrarian enterprises.

The main indicators of the agrarian sectors of Ukraine and Poland were analyzed in the article. Such indicators as agricultural land in absolute and relative terms, agriculture, forestry, and fishing value added were selected. In addition, the number of agricultural workers and their salaries in local currencies and in terms of euros, the dynamics of prices for major agricultural products and the structure of export-import of agricultural products were considered. Based on the analysis, the main features of the Ukrainian agrarian complex and its development trends were highlighted.

The agricultural sector plays a more significant role in the economy of Ukraine than Poland. Although now the indicators of the agrarian sector in Poland are significantly higher (taking into account the value added, the level of salaries and so on). Ukrainian producers have significant potential considering the natural features of the country.

The association with the EU opens up significant prospects for Ukrainian agrarian enterprises. The support from the government and the desire of the agrarians themselves to use them are only needed. The study will be the beginning for the analysis of the competitiveness of Ukrainian agricultural enterprises.


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How to Cite
Golysheva, I. (2019). Competitiveness analysis of agricultural complexes of Ukraine and Poland. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University, (1(79), 31-37.