Problematic aspects of the development of the housing and utilities markets in ukraine at the present stage
The scientific article investigates the problematic aspects of the development of housing and communal services markets in Ukraine, which resulted from the functioning of the national economy on the basic principles of administrative and command economy during the period of independence and resulted in the need for sectoral reform. Problem analysis was performed in the context of subsystems of housing and utilities. The analysis of the state of the housing stock in Ukraine for the period 2014-2018 was conducted and the problems that arose as a result of the aging of the housing stock were identified. The analysis of the efficiency of economic activity in the sphere of housing and communal services was provided, which made it possible to note the inconsistency of the structures and systems of management of housing and communal enterprises with the conditions and requirements of integration into the market economy. It is established that the enterprises of the sector do not have economic incentives to reduce the excessive costs of material and technical resources and optimize tariffs for the provision of utility services to consumers, and the low investment attractiveness of the enterprises of the sector due to their high financial instability. The main features of low efficiency of operation and development of utilities include: lack of progress towards reducing resource costs and achieving a high level of resource efficiency; poor quality of service to consumers of utility services; inefficiency of the personnel policy of enterprises, which is manifested in low rates of productivity of employees; lack of investment activity in the field; imperfection of tariff policy. The results of financial activity and accounts payable and receivable of the enterprises of the branch are analyzed. It is established that insufficient budget financing for housing repair and its obsolescence are among the main factors in the development of housing and communal services in Ukraine; inefficiency of the system of management of utilities; underdevelopment of market institutions; imperfection of budget financing of the sphere, problems of efficiency and observance of the principles of social justice and openness in the context of providing subsidies to the population and reimbursement of benefits; low level of solvency of the population when consuming utility services; technical deterioration and technological backwardness of utilities; lack of regulatory definition of the system of relations between the entities of the utility market.
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